• FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS A cystotomy is a surgical opening created in the wall of the urinary bladder. This procedure allows the surgeon to look inside the bladder. While abdominal x-rays, ultrasound examination, and cystoscopy (scooping the bladder) are less invasive methods of looking into the bladder, cystoscopy has an important role in treatment of urinary bladder problems. WHAT ARE THE [...]

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    FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS A biopsy is the surgical removal of a portion of tissue. WHAT ARE THE INDICATIONS FOR PERFORMING A BIOPSY? Biopsies are taken of suspicious masses, tumors or abnormal organs. The biopsy is typically submitted to a veterinary pathologist for evaluation and a diagnosis. WHAT PREOPERATIVE EXAMINATIONS OR TESTS ARE NEEDED BEFORE A BIOPSY? Preoperative tests depend in [...]

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    WHAT IS ANESTHESIA? Anesthesia is the total loss of feeling or sensation. It is primarily associated with the loss of painful sensations, which allows surgery or procedures to be performed without causing pain. There are different types of anesthesia. Local anesthesia is rendering a local area of tissue or a part of the body insensitive to pain or sensation. General anesthesia is causing complete[...]

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    FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS An abdominal exploratory is a surgical procedure involving the opening of the abdominal cavity and examination of the abdominal organs. WHAT ARE THE INDICATIONS FOR PERFORMING AN ABDOMINAL EXPLORATORY? An abdominal exploratory is indicated whenever there is significant abdominal disease that eludes diagnosis. Chronic vomiting, penetrating abdominal wounds, abdominal [...]

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    FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS A laceration is a wound produced by the tearing of body tissue. Unlike an incision with smooth edges, a laceration is often jagged and irregular. As a result, there can be variable degrees of damage to the underlying body tissue and structures depending on the depth and force of the trauma that caused the laceration. WHAT ARE THE INDICATIONS FOR PERFORMING A LACERATION[...]

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    FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS A castration (neuter) is the surgical removal of the male reproductive organs. The operation removes the two testicles. WHAT ARE THE INDICATIONS FOR PERFORMING A CASTRATION? This operation is indicated to prevent pregnancy, remove diseased or cancerous testicles, reduce male behavior such as urine marking, territorial aggression and roaming, and markedly decrease the [...]

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    FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS An ovariohysterectomy (spay) is the surgical removal of the female reproductive organs. The operation removes the two ovaries, the uterine horns and the body of the uterus. WHAT ARE THE INDICATIONS FOR PERFORMING AN OVARIOHYSTERECTOMY (SPAY)? This operation is indicated to avoid heat (estrus) cycles, prevent pregnancy, remove diseased or cancerous female reproductive [...]

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    Dental Prophylaxis Overview A dental, also sometimes called a "prophy" or prophylaxis, is a cleaning and polishing of a dog's teeth. It is important to realize that dental disease does not reach a particular level and remain there. Dental disease continuously progresses. As dental disease progresses, the treatment becomes more involved, meaning longer and more elaborate (and more costly) dental [...]

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