• Overview   Heart failure is a condition, caused by an abnormality in the structure or the function of the heart, in which it is unable to pump normal quantities of blood to the tissues of the body. The heart is a pump, and when it fails, it often leads to fluid retention in the lung and the body cavities leading to congestive heart failure. Dogs of any age and any breed can develop heart[...]

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    Dementia

    8 Jun 2012

    Overview   Dementia, also known as senility or cognitive dysfunction, is a change in behavior seen in older dogs. Some feel it may be a normal aging change, however there appears to be a substantially accelerated form of dementia seen in some dogs. The two most common complaints of owners with senile dogs are loss of housetraining and wandering during normal sleep time. Cognitive [...]

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    Arthritis

    8 Jun 2012

    Overview   Degenerative joint disease (DJD), or arthritis, affects the smooth articular cartilage of the joint, which is the covering of bone in the joints that is responsible for the smooth, non-painful motion of joints. When it becomes worn, raw bone surfaces become exposed and rub together. DJD is the result, causing pain and lack of joint mobility. DJD can occur over a lifetime of [...]

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    Overview   Allergic dermatitis is a general term to describe a group of skin allergies that may be caused by a multitude of factors in dogs. The most common classes of allergic dermatitis seen in dogs are flea bite allergy, food allergy and atopy. Atopy, also called atopic dermatitis, is an allergic condition caused by inhaled allergens, or absorption of allergens through the skin Atopy [...]

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    Overview   The vestibular system is primarily responsible for alerting the brain if the body is standing, sitting, lying down, falling, spinning in circles, and keeps the body balanced. The vestibular system is comprised of nerves that start in the brain and continue to the inner ear. The sensors in the inner ear are responsible for informing the brain about any movement. Vestibular disease[...]

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    Overview   Valvular heart disease (VHD) is a condition characterized by degeneration and thickening of the heart valves. Valvular heart disease is a very common and progressive disease typically seen in older dogs. Commonly affected breeds include poodles, Yorkshire terriers, schnauzers, cocker spaniels and small mixed-breed dogs. Some breeds, such as Cavalier King Charles spaniels, can [...]

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    Overview   Urolithiasis refers to the formation of stones in the urinary tract. Stones can be found anywhere in the urinary tract, in the kidneys, the ureter or the bladder, but are most common in the bladder. Several factors can contribute to development of urolithiasis. These include genetic factors, diet, breed, metabolic diseases, congenital problems and bacterial urinary tract [...]

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    Overview Urinary tract infection, also called cystitis, is an inflammation of the urinary bladder usually caused by a bacterial infection. Some additional causes of urinary tract infections include bladder stones, bladder tumors, and some diseases such as diabetes or Cushing’s disease. Some medications, such as cortisone-like drugs and anti-cancer drugs, may contribute to the development [...]

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    Overview   Urinary obstruction is an acute obstruction of the urinary tract.  In dogs, it is usually caused by stones.  Although this disease can affect any pet, it is most common in males. Urinary obstruction can quickly become life-threatening and should be treated as a medical emergency. Diagnosis and Treatment Notes: Urinary obstruction is generally diagnosed by a thorough[...]

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    Overview   Tracheal collapse is a syndrome in which the trachea (windpipe) collapses which causes an airway obstruction. It is a commonly encountered cause of airway obstruction and coughing in the dog. The exact cause remains unknown, although there may be many factors involved. The most likely cause is abnormal synthesis of the cartilage that is part of the structure of the trachea [...]

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    Overview   Thrombocytopenia refers to an abnormally low blood-concentration of platelets, which are blood cells that promote blood clotting. When the concentration of platelets becomes too low, spontaneous bruising and bleeding may occur. Abnormally low platelet numbers in blood can be caused by a variety of disease processes. These include failure to produce new platelets in the bone [...]

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    Overview   Sarcoptic mange (also known as scabies) is a highly contagious parasitic disease caused by a microscopic mite called Sarcoptes scabiei that affects animals and people. These mites invade the skin of healthy dogs and puppies and create a variety of skin problems.  The hallmark of the disease is intense itchiness. There may also be small red bumps located on the margins of the [...]

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    Overview   The cranial cruciate ligament is located within the knee joint and acts to stabilize the femur on the tibia. The ligament can be torn as a result of an acute traumatic event or more commonly it ruptures due to a slow progressive breakdown of the ligament. When the tear is sudden and complete, lameness may be severe and such that your pet refuses to bear weight on the leg. When[...]

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    Overview   Rodenticide toxicity is the accidental ingestion of products used to kill rodents such as mice, rats and gophers. Poisoning is most commonly caused by ingestion of a product containing one of the following ingredients: bromethalin, cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3), strychnine, zinc phosphide or anticoagulant (warfarin, fumarin, chlorophacinone, diphacinone, pindone, bromadiolone, [...]

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    Overview   Reverse sneezing is a common phenomenon in dogs. In a regular sneeze, your dog pushes air out through the nose; however, in a reverse sneeze, air is pulled rapidly into the nose. During a reverse sneeze, your dog will make rapid and long inspirations, stand still with his elbows spread apart, extend his head, and his eyes may bulge. Each reverse sneezing episode generally lasts [...]

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    Pyometra

    8 Jun 2012

    Overview   Pyometra is the medical term used to describe an infected uterus. This infection can be open (draining pus from the vagina) or closed (pus contained in the uterus by a closed cervix). Pyometra can be a life threatening infection and may require emergency surgery. A closed pyometra is more of an emergency than an open pyometra, since there is no drainage of pus in a closed [...]

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    Pneumonia

    8 Jun 2012

    Overview   Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs and the bronchi, usually related to a bacterial infection. The route of infection is typically inhalation but sometimes the bacteria can be spread by the blood stream from an infection in other parts of the body. Pneumonia can occur in dogs and cats, but is more common in dogs. Sporting dogs, hounds, working dogs and mixed breed dogs [...]

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    Overview   Periodontitis is the inflammation of the structures that support teeth and gums. It is one of the most common infectious diseases in the world in dogs and is caused by bacteria that make up plaque. Periodontitis causes tooth and bone loss, which can even lead to jaw fracture. It can be seen at almost any age and affects over 80 percent of dogs over three years of age. [...]

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    Overview   Parvovirus is a virus that invades and destroys rapidly growing cells in the intestine, bone marrow and lymphoid tissue resulting in nausea, vomiting and severe bloody diarrhea. The disease can vary from mild to fatal if not properly treated. Infection is generally attributed to ingestion of material contaminated by infected dog feces and can occur when a dog smells or licks [...]

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    Overview   Panosteitis is an inflammation involving various layers of the bones of young, growing dogs. This condition occurs spontaneously and ultimately resolves on its own.   The exact cause of panosteitis is unknown, but the disease tends to occur in large and giant breed dogs between five to 12 months of age. The German shepherd breed is most commonly affected. Males are [...]

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