• WHAT IS ANESTHESIA? Anesthesia is the total loss of feeling or sensation. It is primarily associated with the loss of painful sensations, which allows surgery or procedures to be performed without causing pain. There are different types of anesthesia. Local anesthesia is rendering a local area of tissue or a part of the body insensitive to pain or sensation. General anesthesia is causing complete[...]

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    FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS A biopsy is the surgical removal of a portion of tissue. WHAT ARE THE INDICATIONS FOR PERFORMING A BIOPSY? Biopsies are taken of suspicious masses, tumors or abnormal organs. The biopsy is typically submitted to a veterinary pathologist for evaluation and a diagnosis. WHAT PREOPERATIVE EXAMINATIONS OR TESTS ARE NEEDED? Preoperative tests depend in part on the age [...]

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    FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS A cystotomy is a surgical opening created in the wall of the urinary bladder. This procedure allows the surgeon to look inside the bladder. While abdominal x-rays, ultrasound examination, and cystoscopy (scooping the bladder) are less invasive methods of looking into the bladder, cystoscopy has an important role in treatment of urinary bladder problems. WHAT ARE THE [...]

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    FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS A urethrostomy is a surgical procedure that creates an opening in the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder. The procedure is done to correct obstruction to urine flow, a life-threatening condition. Even partial obstruction to urine flow can lead to serious complications such as urinary tract infection and loss of bladder tone. A urethrostomy relives [...]

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    FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS An ovariohysterectomy (spay) is the surgical removal of the female reproductive organs. The operation removes the two ovaries, the uterine horns, and the body of the uterus. WHAT ARE THE INDICATIONS FOR PERFORMING AN OVARIOHYSTERECTOMY (SPAY)? This operation is indicated to avoid heat (estrus) cycles, prevent pregnancy, remove diseased or cancerous female reproductive[...]

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    FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS A castration (neuter) is the surgical removal of the male reproductive organs. The operation removes the two testicles. WHAT ARE THE INDICATIONS FOR PERFORMING A CASTRATION? This operation is indicated to prevent pregnancy, remove diseased or cancerous testicles, reduce male behavior such as urine marking, territorial aggression and roaming, and markedly decrease the [...]

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    FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS A gastrointestinal (GI) resection and anastomosis is a surgical procedure involving the removal of a diseased or damaged section of the intestine and connection of the remaining sections with sutures. WHAT ARE THE INDICATIONS FOR PERFORMING A GI RESECTION AND ANASTOMOSIS? Gastrointestinal resection and anastomosis is indicated whenever there is a significant problem [...]

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    DECLAWING

    8 Jun 2012

    OVERVIEW Declawing (onychectomy) is an elective surgical procedure in which the nail and last bone are removed from all of the toes of a cat’s front feet, and occasionally the rear feet as well. It is performed to make your cat unable to scratch furniture, people or other animals. Because cats seldom use their rear claws to scratch furniture it is generally recommended that only the front claws[...]

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    WHAT IS A FELV AND FIV TEST? The feline leukemia (FeLV) and FIV test is a blood test used to detect exposure to or infection of one of these viruses. The feline leukemia test is often called the “Feleuk” test or abbreviated as "FeLV" test. The feline immunodeficiency virus test is also referred to as the FIV test or feline "AIDS" test. These tests can be run individually but are most commonly[...]

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    WHAT IS A THYROID TEST? A thyroid test is a blood test to evaluate the function of the thyroid gland. This gland is responsible for producing thyroid hormone, an important hormone in the regulation and maintenance of body functions. A thyroid test is indicated in any ill animal. Normal animals, especially the elderly, can benefit from thyroid test results and this test is often used as a [...]

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    CBC VALUES Blood work is a very important diagnostic tool that provides a significant amount of information about your pet’s health. A complete blood count (CBC) is a blood test used to measure and evaluate cells that circulate in the blood. The test includes an actual counting of red and white blood cells as well as an analysis of cells viewed on a blood smear. A CBC may be useful as a [...]

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    WHAT IS AN ABDOMINAL RADIOGRAPH (X-RAY)? An abdominal radiograph (X-ray) is a procedure that allows your veterinarian to visualize tissue, organs and bones that lie beneath the skin. Abdominal X-rays are indicated to evaluate pets with abdominal symptoms such as vomiting, retching, constipation or diarrhea. This test can also be helpful in cases of unexplained fever, abdominal trauma, penetrating[...]

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    BIOCHEMICAL PROFILE Blood work is a very important diagnostic tool that provides a significant amount of information about your pet’s health. A biochemical profile is a blood test that assesses the function of internal organs, measures the electrolytes such as blood potassium, and identifies the levels of circulating enzymes. Understanding the biochemical profile can be difficult but reveals a [...]

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    WHAT IS A THORACIC RADIOGRAPH? A thoracic (chest) radiograph (X-ray) is a procedure that allows your veterinarian to visualize tissues, organs and bones that lie beneath the skin of the chest cavity. Thoracic radiographs are recommended for any pet with difficultly breathing or with suspicion of heart disease or lung disease. They are also indicated in geriatric patients, and in patients that may[...]

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    WHAT IS A FECAL EXAMINATION? A fecal examination is the microscopic evaluation of feces. The test is indicated for pets with diarrhea, straining, lack of appetite or vomiting. Annual fecal examinations are recommended on all animals as part of a yearly health exam. Fecal examinations are also recommended on all puppies and kittens. There is no contraindication to performing this test. Negative[...]

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    WHAT IS A URINALYSIS? A urinalysis is a laboratory test of urine commonly referred to by medical professionals as a “UA.” The urine is evaluated for the presence of certain chemicals. A microscopic exam of the urine is also done to look for abnormalities. A urinalysis is indicated for evaluating pets with urinary abnormalities such as increased urine production, increased urinary [...]

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    HOW TO GIVE INJECTABLE FLUIDS AT HOME Everybody needs water, the most important of all nutrients. Humans are lucky; we can usually drink fluids when we need them. But when animals don’t feel well, they stop drinking. During illness your cat has a greater need for water and can become dehydrated rapidly. In fact, a loss of just 10 percent of body fluid can cause your pet some trouble. It is most[...]

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    GIVING YOUR CAT MEDICATION Your veterinarian has prescribed pills for your cat and it’s your job to see that your cat takes them. What now? Here’s how to get the job done without turning your cat into a hissing, spitting pill-hating nightmare: First, trying hiding the pill in food such as tuna, peanut butter or cream cheese – provided that your veterinarian has said that the medication [...]

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    MEDICATING YOUR CAT Giving a cat medication is never fun, but sometimes administering it in a liquid form can be the lesser of several evils. Follow this blow-by-blow explanation of how to do it, and you won’t even need a “spoon full of sugar to help the medicine go down.” Here’s how: Most liquid medications come with an eyedropper attached to the lid. If the medication does not come [...]

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    APPLYING TOPICAL MEDICINE Medications come in a variety of forms – pills, liquids and ointments. New flea and tick products are most commonly associated with topical application but other drugs are also available, such as antibiotic creams and ointments for wound care. Some topical medications include an applicator for easy administration. For flea and tick products, once applied to the [...]

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